Human Rights and Fundamental Rights and their Impact on the Civil Law System

Summer School with Moot Court 2014

29.09.14

Thursday, 24.07.2014 - Saturday, 02.08.2014, Hanoi (Hanoi Law University, 87 Nguyễn Chí Thanh Street, Conference room, Building B) and Ha Long City (Grand Halong Hotel, Đường Hạ Long, Bãi Cháy)

Up ] [ Subject and description ] [ Program ] [ Downloads ] [ Bibliography ] [ Links ] [ Photos ] [ Summer School 2013 ]

Subject and description

Human rights and fundamental rights (constitutional rights) are often conceived as a political topic - as an abstract, philosophical idea, which has its role in the political discourse and addresses primarily to governments and lawmakers. But they are more than that because in a state based on the rule of law, they are directly legally binding all public authorities. Once an international human rights treaty has been ratified or a constitutional clause on fundamental rights is in force, every person involved in the exercise of public power in any public institution of the state (including the courts) must perform his function in a way which complies with these rights. Often he will have to do so without the guidance of special legislation on the issue. This requires a sound knowledge of human rights and fundamental rights, of the relevant legal doctrine and of the legal methods to ensure their respect and protection in the ordinary application and enforcement of law. In a state based on the rule of law and committed to human rights, every lawyer needs this knowledge.

The Summer School will contribute to this knowledge by introducing to the sources of international human rights law and to the international institutions and mechanisms for the protection of human rights, by discussing important general aspects of the international human rights law and fundamental rights doctrine and by presenting a selection of individual human and fundamental rights. The Summer School will close with the preparation and conduct of a Moot Court illustrating the direct impact of human and fundamental rights on the civil law system and the work of the civil judge.

The Summer School is organised by the German Law Centre at Hanoi Law University (Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz), the Hochschule für Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin (Prof. Dr. Michael Jaensch) and the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. It is supported by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). There will be participants from both universities.

Conditions: The Summer School will be held in English. It is open to a limited number of students of the 4th or 3rd (or exceptionally the 2nd) grade with excellent knowledge of English who are highly interested in human and fundamental rights law. The participants need to prepare short individual presentations on special groups of rights. At the end of the Summer School they will receive a certificate of participation. For further information please contact directly Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz (room A.603).

Program (summary/details)

Thursday, 24.07.2014:  Hanoi

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Joint lunch of the German participants

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Introductory lecture for the German participants on the political and economical situation in Vietnam  (Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Vietnam Office)

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A German student in Hanoi (internship report by Juliane Schulz)  (Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Vietnam Office)

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Political sightseeing tour for the German participants in Hanoi  (organized by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Vietnam Office)

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Joint welcome dinner

Friday, 25.07.2014: Hanoi

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Visit of Hanoi Law University and the German Law Centre

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Introduction into the legal system and legal education in Vietnam and Germany  (students of Hanoi Law University / of HTW)

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Transfer to Ha Long City

Saturday, 26.07.2014: General courses

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Sources of Law  (Prof. Dr. Thomas SchmitzI

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Institutions  (Prof. Dr. Michael Jaensch)

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Human Rights and Fundamental Rights  (Prof. Dr.Thomas Schmitz)

Sunday, 27.07.2014: General courses

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Human Rights and Fundamental Rights - continuation  (Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz)

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afternoon and evening at leisure

Monday, 28.07.2014: Individual presentations

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Individual presentations by students with following discussions

Tuesday, 29.07.2014: Seminary / individual presentations

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Individual presentations by students with following discussions - continuation

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The Radiation of Fundamental Rights into the Civil Law System  (Prof. Dr. Michael Jaensch)

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The Radiation of Human Rights into the Civil Law System  (Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz)

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Introductory lecture on the Moot Court case (Prof. Dr. Michael Jaensch)

Wednesday, 30.07.2014: Preparation of the Moot Court

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Preparation of the Moot Court in separate groups representing the claimant's and the respondent's side  (under the direction of Prof. Dr. Michael Jaensch)

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The Impact of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 2013 on the Protection of Fundamental rights  (Trấn Ngọc Đinh [tbc])

Thursday, 31.07.2014: Conduct of the Moot Court

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Conduct of the Moot Court under the direction of Prof. Dr. Michael Jaensch  (with collaboration of Trấn Ngọc Đinh [tbc] and Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz)

Friday, 01.08.2014: Final event

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Conclusion of the Summer School with summary, final discussion and résumé

Saturday, 02.08.2014: Return to Hanoi

Downloads (PDF files)  

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Summer School outline

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Participants

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Program (details)

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Bibliography (selection)

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Introduction into the legal system and ledgal education in Vietnam (guest presentation by Dương Bảo Trung)

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Terminology and abbreviations

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Sources of Law for the Protection of Human Rights (diagram)

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Institutions (presentation)

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Human and Fundamental Rights (materials)

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Radiation of Fundamental Rights into Civil Law (presentation)

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Radiation of Human Rights into Civil Law (materials)

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The impact of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 2013 on the Protection of Fundamental Rights (presentation by Trấn Ngọc Đinh)

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Comparison of Fundamental Rights in the Constitutions of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 1992 and 2013 (materials by Trấn Ngọc Đinh)

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Fundamental Rights Protection in the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 2013 (materials)

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The case ECHR,  2872/02, K.U. v. Finland, (presentation)

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Rules and Guidelines for the Moot Court

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The Case for the Moot Court

Bibliography (selection)

[A. Textbooks] [B. Commentaries] [C. Special topics] [D. Law reports, casebooks] [E. Compendiums of laws] [F. Journals] [G. Note on the reliability of h.r. law literature]

A. Textbooks

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Alston, Philip; Goodman, Ryan: International Human Rights, 2012

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Bantekas, Ilias; Oette, Lutz: International Human Rights Law and Practice, 2013

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Benedek, Wolfgang (editor): Understanding Human Rights, 3rd edition 2012

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Buergenthal, Thomas; Shelton, Dinah; Stewart, David: International Human Rights in a Nutshell, 4th edition 2009

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Buergenthal, Thomas; Thürer, Daniel: Menschenrechte. Ideale, Instrumente, Institutionen, 2010

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Grabenwarter, Christoph; Pabel, Katharina: Europäische Menschenrechtskonvention, 6th edition 2012

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Kälin, Walter; Künzli, Jörg: The Law of International Human Rights Protection, 2010

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Kälin, Walter; Künzli, Jörg: Universeller Menschenrechtsschutz. Der Schutz des Individuums auf globaler und regionaler Ebene, 3rd edition 2013

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Moeckli, Daniel; Shah, Sangeeta; Sivakumaran, Sandesh; Harris, David (editors): International Human Rights Law, 2nd edition 2014

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Rehman, Javaid: International Human Rights Law, 2009

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Schilling, Theodor: Internationaler Menschenrechtsschutz, 2nd edition 2010

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Schutter, Olivier de: International Human Rights Law. Text, Cases and Commentary, 2nd edition 2014

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Smith, Rhona K. M.: Textbook on International Human Rights, 6th edition 2014

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Weissbrodt, David; Vega, Connie de la: International Human Rights Law. An Introduction, 2010

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White, Robin C.A.; Ovey, Clare: The European Convention on Human Rights, 6th edition 2014

See also the chapters on international human rights law in the general textbooks on international public law. Concerning fundamental rights, see in particular the textbooks on national and comparative constitutional law.

B. Commentaries (article-by-article presentation) and handbooks (for legal practitioners and research)

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Alen, A.; Vande Lanotte, J. and others (editors): A Commentary on the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 2006 ff. [the commentaries on the individual articles of the Convention are published in separate volumes]

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Alfredsson, Gudmundur; Eide, Asbjorn (editors): The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. A Common Standard of Achievement, 1999

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Bair, Johann: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its (First) Optional Protocol. A Short Commentary Based on Views, General Comments and Concluding Observations by the Human Rights Committee, 2005

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Freeman, Marsha A.; Chinkin, Christine; Rudolf, Beate (editors): The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women. A Commentary, 2012

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Grabenwarter, Christoph: European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Commentary, 2014

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Joseph, Sarah; Castan, Melissa: The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Cases, Materials and Commentary, 3rd edition 2013

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Joseph, Sarah; McBeth, Adam (editors): Research Handbook on International Human Rights Law, 2011

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Kälin, Walter; Schnegg, Brigitte: Women's Human Rights' App (W'sHR App), last updated 2014 [Android app, free dowonload in the Google Play Store]

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Nowak, Manfred: CCPR Commentary. U.N. Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 2nd edition 2005

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Nowak, Manfred; McArthur, Elizabeth: The United Nations Convention against Torture. A Commentary, 2008

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Saul, Ben; Kinley, David; Mowbray, Jaqueline: The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Commentary, Cases, and Materials, 2014

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Sheeran, Scott; Rodley, Nigel (editors): Routledge Handbook of International Human Rights Law, 2013

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Shelton, Dinah (editor): The Oxford Handbook of International Human Rights Law, 2013

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Simma, Bruno; Khan, Daniel-Erasmus; Nolte, Georg; Paulus, Andreas (editors): The Charter of the United Nations. A Commentary, 3rd edition 2013

C. Publications on selected special topics

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Beater, Axel; Habermeier, Stefan (editors): Verletzungen von Persönlichkeitsrechten durch die Medien - Invasions of Personality Rights by the Media, 2005

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Busch, Christoph; Schulte-Nölke, Hans (editors): Fundamental Rights and Private Law. A Practical Tool for Judges, 2011

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Colombi Ciacchi, Aurelia; Comandé, Giovanni; Brüggemeier, Gert: Fundamental Rights and Private Law in the European Union, volume 1: A Comparative Overview, 2010; volume 2: Comparative Analyses of Selected Case Patterns, 2010

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Fedtke, Jörg; Dawn Oliver (editors): Human Rights and the Private Sphere. A Comparative Study, 2007

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Ferreira, Nuno: Fundamental Rights and Private Law in Europe. The case of tort law and children, 2011

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Freedman, Rosa: The United Nations Human Rights Council. A critique and early assessment, 2013

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Freedman, Rosa: Failing to Protect. The UN and the Politicisation of Human Rights, 2014

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Grossmann, Claudio; Martin, Claudia; Rodriguez Pinzon, Diego: Advocating for human rights: 10 years of the Inter-American Moot Court Competition, 2008

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Lytvynyuk, Anna: Fundamental Rights Operation in Private Law. A Comparative Study of Legal Solutions, 2010

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Peerenboom, Randall; Petersen, Carol J.;Chen, Albert H.Y. (editors): Human Rights in Asia. A Comparative Legal Study of Twelve Asian Jurisdictions, France and the USA, 2006

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Saul, Ben; Renshaw, Catherine (editors): Human Rights in Asia and the Pacific, 2014

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Shelton, Dinah: Remedies in International Human Rights Law, 2nd edition 2006

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Ssenyonjo, Manisuli: Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in International Law, 2009

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Tiefenbrun, Susan W.: Women's International and Comparative Human Rights, 2012

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Weizer, Paul: How to Please the Court. A Moot Court Handbook, 2005

D. Law reports and casebooks

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Website of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) (decisions in English and French)

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Website of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) (decisions in Spanish and English)

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Website of the African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) (decisions in English, French, Portuguese and Arabian)

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Website of the International Criminal Court (ICC) (decisions in English and French)

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Conte, Alex; Burchill, Richard: Defining Civil and Political Rights. The Jurisprudence of the United Nations Human Rights Committee, 2nd edition 2009 (note, however, that the Human Rights Committee is not a court and therefore its views do not represent jurisprudence)

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Deller Ross, Susan: Women's Human Rights. The International and Comparative Law Casebook, 2009

E. Compendiums of laws (easy access to international treaties)

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Bisset, Alison (editor): Blackstone's International Human Rights Documents, 9th edition 2014

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Office of the UNHCHR (editor): Core International Instruments,  (human rights treaties); see also Universal Human Rights Instruments (treaties and soft law)

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Schutter, Olivier de; Tulkens, Françoise; Drooghenbroeck, Sébastien van (editors): Code de droit international des droits de l'homme - 2014, 4th edition 2014

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Simma, Bruno (editor): Menschenrechte. Ihr internationaler Schutz, 6th edition 2010 (part of the series "Beck-Texte im dtv")

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University of Minnesota (editor): Human Rights Library. Human Rights Treaties and Other Instruments

F. Journals in the field of human rights law

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APJHRL: Asia-Pacific Journal on Human Rights and the Law, since 2000

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EHRLR: European Human Rights Law Review, since 1979

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EuGRZ: Europäische Grundrechte-Zeitschrift, since 1974

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HRLJ: Human Rights Law Journal, since 1980

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HRLR: Human Rights Law Review, since 2001

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HRQ: Human Rights Quarterly, since 1979

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HRR: Human Rights Review, since 1999

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IHRLR: International Human Rights Law Review, since 2012

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MRM: MenschenRechtsMagazin, since 1996

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RTDH: Revue trimestrielle des droits de l'homme, since 1990

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RUDH: Revue universelle des droits des l'homme, since 1989

Contributions on international human rights law can also be found in the journals on public inter­natio­nal law. Contributions on fundamental rights can be found in the journals on national and comparative constitutional or public law.

G. Note on the reliability of legal literature in the field of international human rights law

Keep your critical distance when dealing with legal literature on international human rights law. Some authors tend to confound law and legal politics. Some may even present their own wishful thinking as prevailing law. This applies in particular to publications in German language. Furthermore, not all authors distinguish adequately between the international human rights treaties (which represent an important part of public international law) and the so-called "soft law" (political resolutions of international organisations or summits, which are not a source of law and therefore not binding the states directly). Fore example, caution should be exercised if the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 (a resolution of the UN General Assembly) is presented as directly binding law or if typical Western concepts of human rights are presented in details as legally binding. In human rights law as in other fields of law, successful, sustainable work depends decisively on a methodologically sound approach.

Links

A. International human rights treaties

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) of 1966 with Optional Protocol of 1966 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Vietnam) and Second Optional Protocol aiming at the abolition of the death penalty of 1989 (not ratified by Vietnam)

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International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) of 1966 with Optional Protocol of 2008 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Vietnam and Germany)

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Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948

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Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) of 1984 (signed in 2013 but not yet ratified by Vietnam) with Optional Protocol of 2002 (on torture prevention, not ratified by Vietnam)

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International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (CPED) of 2006 (not yet in force, not ratified by Vietnam)

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International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) of 1966

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Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) of 1979 with Optional Protocol of 1999 (on individual complaints and inquiries, not ratified by Vietnam)

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Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) of 1989 with Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed conflict of 2000, Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography of 2000 and Optional Protocol on a communications procedure of 2011; see also the Convention Concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor of 1999

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Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) of 2006 with Optional Protocol of 2006 (on individual complaints, not ratified by Vietnam)

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International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (ICRMW) of 1990 (not ratified by Vietnam)

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Convention relating to the Status of Refugees [Geneva Refugee Convention] of 1951 (not ratified by Vietnam) with Protocol of 1967

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not a source of law but politically important: Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948 (available in 407 languages, including English, Vietnamese and German)

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Compendiums of global human rights treaties: Core human rights instruments (UNHCHR) and other universal human rights instruments (UNHCHR), Human Rights Library (University of Minnesota; with overview on human rights treaties ratified by Vietnam), Menschenrechtsabkommen (Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte; German translations)

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Geo-regional human rights treaties: Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (European Convention) of 1950 and 16 protocols (also in German), European Social Charta (revised version of 1966/original version of 1961) and protocols, other European human rights treaties; American Convention on Human Rights of 1969; African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (Banjul Charter) of 1981; Arab Charter on Human Rights of 2004; see also the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union of 2007 (in 24 official languages), which is part of EU primary law; not a source of law but potentially politically important: ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD)  of 2012

B. International human rights institutions

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Global human rights institutions:  United Nations (with special website on human rights), United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC), United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR);  treaty-based bodies: ICCPR: Human Rights Committee (HRC), ICESCR: Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR), CAT: Committee against Torture (CAT), OPCAT: Sub_committee on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (SPT), CPED: Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED), ICERD: Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD), CEDAW: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), CRC: Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC), CRPD: Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD), ICRMW: Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW)

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Vietnam's membership in the United Nations Human Rights Council 2014-2016: information on membership in the UNHRC, election of Vietnam to the UNHRC, expert criticism of the UNHRC and its members; speech of the Deputy Prime Minister at the UNHRC session in March 2014; Universal Periodic Review of Vietnam 2014 (see in particular the national report, the information provided by the stakeholdes and the report of the UNHRC working group; see also the general explanations on the UPR [UPR Info], the international UPR workshop in Hanoi 05.2014 and the workshop organised by the AICHR on the reporting obligations and the UPR 07.2014); see also the Universal Periodic Review of Germany 2013

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Geo-regional human rights institutions: Council of Europe (see in particular the special sites on human rights and the sites of the Commissioner for Human Rights), Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR), African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR); see also Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), Organisation of American States (OAS), African Union; not a human rights institution but just a consultative commission: the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) (however, there is a Working Group for an ASEAN Human Rights Mechanism preparing a proposal for a human rights commission for Southeast Asia)

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Human rights courts: European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR), African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights; see also the website of the International Criminal Court (ICC)

C. Other links concerning the subject of the Summer School

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Expert websites on international human rights law: Humman Rights Library (Univ. of Minnesota), with comprehensive links to other human rights resources, Office of the UNHCHR (with detailed information), Cơ sở dữ liệu trực tuyến về quyền con người / Human Rights Database for Vietnamese (Hanoi National University School of Law, with many teaching materials)

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Scientific institutes for human rights and human rights law: Centre for Legal Research on Human and Citizen Rights of HCMC Law University (HCRC) (with materials on international and Vietnamese human/fundamental rights law - websites not always accessible), Danish Institute for Human Rights (Copenhagen, supported HRE in Vietnam), German Institute for Human Rights/Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte (Berlin; comprehensive information in German), Asia-Pacific Human Rights Information Centre (Osaka); Institute for Human Rights and Business (materials on a topic subject); see also the list of the Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI)

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Teaching materials on international human rights law: Office of the UNHCHR, Teaching and Education Materials, ETC Graz, Manual Understanding Human Rights, 3rd edition 2013 (with an introduction to the system of human rights and articles on individual groups of rights), Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, ABC of Human Rights, 2008, Curtis F.D. Doebbler, Introduction to International Human Rights Law, 2006; Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Human Rights

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Human/fundamental rights and civil law: Olha Cherednychenko, Fundamental rights and private law: A relationship of subordination or complementarity?, Utrecht Law Review 3 (2007), no. 2; Eric Engle, Third Party Effect of Fundamental Rights (Drittwirkung), Hanse Law Review 2009, no. 2; Chantal Mak, Fundamental rights in European contract law, 2007 (see also review)

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Human rights moot courts: World Human Rights Moot Court Competition (Univ. of Pretoria), European Human Rights Moot Court Competition (ELSA/Council of Europe), Inter-American Human Rights Moot Court Competition (Washington College of Law), African Human Rights Moot Court Competition (Univ. of Pretoria), Susan J. Ferrell Intercultural Human Rights Moot Court Competition (St. Thomas Univ., Miami)

D. Links concerning the case of the Moot Court

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Jurisprudence: European Court of Human Rights, case 2872/02, K.U. v. Finland

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Scholarly contributions: Toby Mendel/Andrew Puddephatt/Ben Wagner/Dixie Hawtin/Natalia Torre, Global Survey on Internet Privacy and Freedom of Expression, 2012 (p. 62 ff.); Mario Viola de Azevedo Cunha/Luisa Marin/Giovanni Sartor, Peer-to-peer privacy violations and ISP liability: Data protection in the user-generated web, in: International Data Privacy Law, 2/2012 (p. 54 f.); François Nawrot/Katarzyna Syska/Przemysław Świtalski, Horizontal Application of Fundamental Rights: Privacy on the Internet, 2010 (p. 16 f.)

Photos

 



 

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